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Welcome to Kulon Lighting Standards
What are some of the new uses of LEDs with the advent of OLED technology?
What are the characteristics of O-LEDs that make it different from other light sources?
What are O-LEDs?
What are “cold” and “hot” lumens?
Why are LEDs considered more efficient than conventional light sources?
Does increasing the wattage of LEDs increase their output?
What is the best way to compare the output of LEDs with other light sources?
What are the product features to look for in LEDs used in harsh environments?
The LED luminaire is hot to touch. Why is this?
Is it true that LEDs do not produce heat?
What are the various causes of condensation within LED luminaires?
What are common challenges or problems when using LED fixtures in harsh environments?
What are the different ways in which luminaire design can help reduce glare from LEDs?
Why do some LEDs flicker when dimmed or turned off?
What lighting protocol is appropriate for an application?
What is the difference between analogue and digital dimming?
What are the relative advantages of PWM dimming?
How are LEDs dimmed?
What precautions are to be taken when mounting LED drivers?
What are the advantages of 24V LEDs over12V LEDs?
What is the maximum permissible distance between an LED product and a remote driver?
How does the wide temperature tolerance expand their application?
Why are LEDs advantageous in lighting underground caves?
How has automobile lighting benefited from LEDs?
What are the benefits of using LEDs in mining areas specifically?
How can flexibility in changing colour temperature offer more comfortable environments?
How can the color changing ability of LEDs be advantageous in retail and display environments?
What does one need to take into consideration when choosing a light source for art galleries and mus
What are the advantages of LED over neon in signage applications?
What aspects need to be taken in consideration when replacing a light source with LEDs in a retrofit
What are the considerations that need to be taken into account when integrating LEDs into interior /
What are the strategies in the development of LED technology that are helping to reduce the cost of
What are the economic advantages of using LEDs over conventional light sources?
Why do LEDs have a higher initial cost than conventional light sources?
What are O-LEDs?
Do LEDs require time to reach maximum brightness?
How are LEDs different from other light sources in the way they produce light?
Core components of LED soldered to a printed circuit board
How is light produced in an LED?
How much longer does an LED last than a conventional light source?
Is lifespan reduced if the LEDs are frequently turned on and off?
What are the factors that affect the lifespan of the LEDs?
Why is the life of LEDs measured as lumen depreciation?
What does a life of 50,000 hours mean in the case of - LEDs?
What are the different types of optical systems for LEDs?
What is junction temperature?
What is the two-phase heat exchange technique of cooling LEDs?
What are the heat transfer techniques used to cool LEDs?
Why is the heat sink design critical for the performance of an LED fitting?
How do I know what type of driver is required by LED product?
Typically in what sort of applications are constant voltage drivers are used for?
Typically, what sort of applications are constant current drivers used for?
What are there different types of LED power supplies / drivers?
Why do LEDs require power supply / drivers?
How do I know a light fitting is safe?
What standards are used to classify LED fittings for harsh, underwater and outdoor conditions?
What is CELMA?
What are the LED lighting standards referenced in the Energy Star specification?
What is Zhaga?
What are LEDs?
Why is LED technology classified as solid state lighting?
What does Future-proofing of LED products mean?
What is binning?
What is a light engine?